What the Simla agreement did not achieve for India could have been achieved through the 1973 Delhi Agreement, signed by India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Had India not succumbed to this pressure and instead kept its security interests at the forefront, the negotiations could have resulted in a lasting solution to the Kashmir problem and other sensitive points of border management and trade with Pakistan. Unfortunately, India has not even been able to negotiate the release of its 54 prisoners of war in the custody of Pakistan, whose families are still desperate. There is an overwhelming perception that India, in approving the conditions set by Pakistan, missed a great opportunity for which the Indian army had sacrificed the blood of its brave soldiers. What is most surprising is that the Indian armed forces, which were the architects of the great victory, were nowhere in the negotiation process. Many are still surprised at the naivety with which the negotiations were conducted and the reason for this negotiation. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi held the Shimla Summit with Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto on 2 July 1972. The procedure is recorded in history as the Shimla Agreement, which imposed the process for the return of all Pakistani prisoners of war under their custody by India and also returns to Pakistan, 13,000 km2 of territory conquered in the Western theater. Donald Trump`s offer to help India and Pakistan resolve the Kashmir issue became a major controversy after India rejected the US president`s claim that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had requested it. As the U.S. government tries to downplay Trump`s remarks by calling the Kashmir issue “bilateral” to “discuss India and Pakistan,” the focus has shifted again to previous “bilateral agreements,” whose 1972 Simla Agreement (or Shimla Agreement), signed by then-Indian and Pakistani Prime Ministers Indira Gandhi and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto , for friendly relations between the two countries. According to the Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Simla agreement was therefore “much more than a peace treaty that wants to reverse the consequences of the 1971 war (i.e.
cause the withdrawal of troops and the exchange of prisoners of war) “It was a complete blue impression for the good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan. As part of the Simla Agreement, the two countries pledged to end the conflicts and confrontations that have affected relations in the past and to work towards lasting peace, friendship and cooperation. Pakistan ratified the Simla Agreement on 15 July 1972 and India was ratified on 3 August of the same year, effective on 4 August 1972. The Simla Agreement ensured the withdrawal of troops from territories occupied by both sides during the war, with the exception of Kashmir. Over the next two years, all prisoners of war had returned home. (i) Indian and Pakistani forces are withdrawn from their side of the international border.  It goes without saying that the final and historic victory in all measures was an ode to the courage and professionalism of the Indian armed forces, and in particular the Indian army. Under the aegis of Chief of Staff SHFJ Manekshaw, the war was carefully planned and conducted by ground commanders and troops. The Indian army has strengthened its position as one of the best armed forces in the world. India had great urgency to free Sheikh Mujibur Rehman from detention in Pakistan and to install him as Prime Minister of Bangladesh.